Proposal Systematics: Definition, Language Rules, and Proposal Examples

1. Background

The first systematic element of the proposal is the background. In the background in a proposal, it contains the circumstances, events, and things behind the implementation of the activity or research. So the background section should discuss the occurrence of an infectious disease.

The following is an example of a sentence that can be included in the background of a research proposal on the level of scholarly content in a school wall magazine:

Scientific written language is a barrel of a variety of standard official languages ​​that must be arranged in a clear, orderly, and precise meaning. The variety of scientific language used in scientific writings, especially in scientific magazines, must have provisions so that they are able to communicate thoughts, ideas, and understanding in a complete, concise, and precise manner….”

2. Problems and Goals

The second systematic element of the proposal is the problem and purpose. In the activity proposal or research proposal, it is necessary to specifically mention the problems and objectives of the proposal.

The trick is to formulate the purpose of the proposal rationally and use a persuasive style of language so that those who read the proposal can be interested in the purpose of the activity.

The following is the formulation of the problem in the research proposal on the level of scholarly content in the school wall magazine:

“…Based on the description above, the problems that will be the focus of this research are as follows,

How is the scientific content of the writing content of the 10th grade Pelita High School students in their school wall magazines?
How is the scientific level of vocabulary and terms used in the writings of 10th grade Pelita High School students in their school mading?
How is the scientific level of language development used in the writings of the 10th grade Pelita High School students in their school wall magazines?
etc…”
While the purpose of the proposal, it usually follows the formulation of the existing problem.

“…Based on the description above, the problems that will be the focus of this research are as follows,

How is the scientific content of the writing content of the 10th grade Pelita High School students in their school wall magazines?
How is the scientific level of vocabulary and terms used in the writings of 10th grade Pelita High School students in their school mading?
How is the scientific level of language development used in the writings of the 10th grade Pelita High School students in their school wall magazines?
etc…”
While the purpose of the proposal, it usually follows the formulation of the existing problem.

3. Scope of Activities

The third systematic element of the proposal is the scope of activities. In formulating an activity proposal, we must explain its limitations.

4. Theoretical Framework and Hypotheses

The fourth systematic element of the proposal is the theoretical framework and hypotheses. In an activity proposal or research proposal, there must be a theory or research result that has previously been carried out and is related to the problems contained in the proposal.

The study in question can be in the form of comparisons from previous research or theories that are similar to the problem to be studied. With this theory, parties related to the approval of the proposal or the recipient of the proposal can understand the weight of the problems in the proposal.

The following is a theoretical framework in a research proposal on the level of scholarly content in school walls.

“……For effective and efficient cooperation and collaboration, the communication tools used need to be adapted to the nature of science and the way scientists work. This means of communication is a special language variety, which the Praba aristocrats call the scientific language variety (David, 1973: 229).

5. Method

The fifth systematic element of the proposal is the method. The method section should discuss how the research method will be carried out. This includes data collection techniques, data validation, data analysis, and so on.

The methods used are also quite diverse, ranging from historical methods, experimental methods, and descriptive methods. While the data collection techniques can be done by using questionnaires or using questionnaires, observations, interviews, literature studies, and so on.

Through the explanation of the method, the activities that will be planned in the proposal can be assessed objectively by the recipient of the proposal. In addition, the recipient of the proposal can assess the amount of costs that must be incurred.

The following is an example of the methods section in a scientific research proposal in a school wall magazine:

“In this research, descriptive method is used. The aim is to describe the level of scientific content of writing, organization, vocabulary and terms, language development, and the mechanical aspects of writing by Neo Culture High School students published in the form of a school wall magazine….”

6. Executor of Activities

The sixth systematic element of the proposal is the implementation of activities. In this section, a list of personnel or activity implementers must be written and accompanied by their education or expertise.

For example, in a proposal for street painting activities in a village, this section can write down the composition of the committee including the parties responsible for the activity.

7. Facilities

The seventh systematic element of the proposal is facilities. You can use this part of the facility in an activity proposal or research proposal. For some parties, there are facilities in the process of their activities that will be able to emphasize more on costs. So that the calculation of the costs provided will be cheaper than renting.

8. Advantages and Disadvantages

The eighth systematic element of the proposal is the advantages and disadvantages. The existence of a part of luck and loss in an activity or research proposal can be useful to convince the recipient of the proposal that the funds spent later are not in vain with what will be obtained.

9. Length of Activity

The ninth systematic element of the proposal is the duration of the activity. In the research proposal or activity, it is necessary to explain how long the activity will take to complete. If the activity consists of several stages, then each stage must be given details of the completion time of each.

10. Schedule of Activities

The tenth systematic element of the proposal is the schedule of activities. The schedule of these activities is generally included in the activity proposal. The activity schedule regulates the division of time based on the planned activity being implemented.

The purpose of the activity schedule is so that one activity with another activity can collide or drag.

11. Budget

The eleventh systematic element of the proposal is the budget. The existence of a budget or cost is one of the things that needs to be considered in a research proposal or activity proposal.

The details of the budget for the funds to be used must be properly and correctly prepared. So that the recipient of the proposal can be sure to agree to the proposal that you make. The contents of the details of the funds are generally in the form of wages, general costs, equipment, and so on.

12. Bibliography

The twelfth systematic element of the proposal is the bibliography. In the bibliography section, this proposal is classified as optional. So not all proposals need to include a bibliography.

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