Crouse Loyalist Cemetery

Zealand, York Co., New Brunswick, Canada


  1.      Philip Crouse, Sr.
           1760 – 21 Feb 1857

            Philip was born in the Province of Zeeland in the Netherlands. When he was young, around 1763 to 1768, presumably with his parents, he emigrated from Rotterdam to Philadelphia. Philip was in Salisbury, North Carolina as a young teenager and later lived on a family farm next to Beaverdam Creek not far from the present-day town of Crouse, North Carolina. He strongly opposed the rebels that promoted the independence of the American Colonies from Britain. After the Revolution, recognized as a Loyalist sympathizer, Philip was asked to leave North Carolina. He saved his money and in 1789 booked passage on a ship for Saint John, New Brunswick. Upon arrival he immediately traveled up the St. John River looking for land that he could homestead. He found his way to Keswick Valley where he applied for his 200 acre (later 400 acre) British Crown Land Grant. There, next to where he is buried, he built his log cabin. He met Sarah Burt and they married in 1791. Philip and Sarah raised 18 children, Sarah, Rebecca, John, Darius, Philip, Elizabeth, Peter, Huldah, Gould, Thomas, Amy, Polly, Urial, Jonas, Richard, Mary, James and Benjamin. When Philip passed away, at the home of his son Benjamin at the venerable age of 96 years old, his obituary read, “He had 18 children, by his wife, and lived to see 196 of his grand children, and 118 of his great grand children. He was much esteemed by all who knew him.”

2.      Sarah Burt
         1769/1770 – 23 Sep 1823
Wife of Philip Crouse, Sr.

            Sarah was born in Ridgefield, Connecticut Colony, the daughter of Loyalists Benjamin and Rebecca Burt. After war broke out between the American Colonies and Britain, Sarah's father joined the British Troops at Long Island. When Sarah was only 8 years old the General Assembly of Connecticut confiscated her family’s estate as punishment for their Loyalist activities. After the war her family joined the great 1783 exodus of Loyalists to Saint John, in the soon to be created British Colony of New Brunswick. It took the family about 7 days to travel approximately 100 kilometers by schooner up the St. John River to the Grand Lakes area near Burton, where in 1785 Sarah's father applied for a British Crown Land Grant. Unfortunately Sarah's father died in August 1785 and the grant was not finalized. Sarah's mother reapplied for the same land grant as a Loyalist soldier’s widow and the grant was approved in 1787. Sarah lived on this land with her widowed mother and siblings, and endured the loss of her father when she was just 14 years old. Frustrated with the spring freshets that flooded their land, they soon sold their property and moved further upriver to the Keswick Valley, arriving around the summer of 1788. Sarah met Philip Crouse and in 1791 they were married. By 1817 she was already a grandma to 6 grandchildren when she gave birth for the 18th and last time. On October 7, 1823, the Fredericton, New Brunswick newspaper The Royal Gazette reported that Sarah passed away “after a short illness” when she was 53 years old. “She was the mother of 18 children, and has left a tender and affectionate husband, with 16 of them to lament her loss.”

3.      Mary
         Circa 1790 – After 30 Jun 1851
          Second Wife of Philip Crouse, Sr.

           In the 1850’s the elderly Philip & Mary Crouse lived in New Zealand, New Brunswick with the family of Philip’s son Benjamin Crouse. At that time Benjamin’s family lived on the back 200 acres, of the original 400 acre British Crown Land Grant, which Benjamin had earlier acquired from his father. (The front 200 acres of Philip’s property, which had the Keswick River frontage and the original home, was purchased from Philip in 1831 by his son, Gould Crouse.) It is presumed that Mary passed away, at the home of her step-son Benjamin sometime during the 1850’s, when she was in her 60’s.

4.       Mary “Polly” Crouse
          Circa 1807 – Before 11 Jun 1813
           Daughter of Philip & Sarah Crouse

5.       Jonas Crouse
          Circa 1810 – Before 23 Sep 1823
           Son of Philip & Sarah Crouse

The family of Loyalists Philip and Sarah Crouse  


 Age Attained 


Polly Crouse 

less than     7

Child growing up on Crouse family farmstead
Jonas Crouse less than   14 Child growing up on Crouse family farmstead
Peter Crouse about        36 Farmer, Keswick, York Co., NB
Huldah (Crouse) Burt 46 Farmer, Zealand, York Co., NB
Mary (Crouse) Burt Staples 49 Miller/Farmer, Mouth of Keswick/Keswick Ridge, NB
Richard Crouse about        50 Shoemaker, Burtt’s Corner, York Co., NB
Sarah (Burt) Crouse, mother 53 Farmer, Zealand, York Co., NB
Thomas Crouse 75 Farmer, Lower Stoneridge, York Co., NB
John Crouse about       80 Farmer, Zealand, York Co., NB
Philip Crouse, Jr. about       80 Farmer, Zealand, York Co., NB
Benjamin Crouse about       80 Farmer, Zealand, York Co., NB
James Crouse 82 Farmer/Lumberman, Zealand, York Co., NB
Sarah (Crouse) Jones 83 Farmer, Zealand, York Co., NB
Elizabeth (Crouse) Burt 1 83 Farmer, Burtt’s Corner, York Co., NB
Darius Crouse 84 Labourer, St. Mary’s Ferry, York Co., NB
Rebecca (Crouse) Allen 92 Millstream, NB/Upper Keswick, NB/Baysville, ON
Gould Crouse 2 92 Lumberman, Zealand, NB/Crouseville, Maine
Urial Crouse 3 95 Farmer, Charleston, Carleton Co., NB
Philip Crouse, Sr.4, father  96 Farmer, Zealand, York Co., NB
Amy (Crouse) Jones 100 Farmer, Lower Stoneridge, York Co., NB


1 Elizabeth “Lizzie” Crouse, married Benjamin Burt and they settled in what later became known as Burtt’s Corner, New Brunswick. (By the 1890’s most of the Burt families had changed the spelling of their name to Burtt.) It was Lizzie and Ben’s descendants whose positive impact on the community led the town to be named Burtt’s Corner.

2 In 1850 Gould & Hepzibah “Hepsy” Crouse moved their large family to Aroostook Valley where they settled the town of Crouseville, Maine. Their son Abraham Crouse and his wife Bethiah, along with several of their children, populated Columbia Co., Oregon.  St. Helens, Oregon, the county seat, has a street named Crouse Way.

3 Crouse Brook  flows near where Urial & Sarah “Sally” Crouse settled in the early 1860’s, in the peaceful farming community of Charleston, Carleton Co., New Brunswick.

4 The name for the village of Zealand, New Brunswick, was derived from the original community name, New Zealand Settlement, which was named in the early 1800’s in honor of Philip Crouse, Sr.’s birth place, the Province of Zeeland in The Netherlands.


To see Crouse Loyalist Cemetery for yourself drive approximately 30 kilometers, from Fredericton, York Co., New Brunswick, Canada, to Zealand, York Co., New Brunswick, Canada, on route 104, turn right on Steenberrick Court, travel 1/3 a kilometer, turn left on Morehouse Corner Road, travel approximately 2.5 kilometers, turn right on Crouse Road, and Crouse Loyalist Cemetery is about 1/2 a kilometer down Crouse Road on the left, next to the Keswick River.


The Loyalist Loop Tour Guide

Tracing The Lives of Loyalists Philip & Sarah Crouse's 18 Children:

The link below is for a printable driving/walking tour guide of historic Keswick Valley. Explore how and where these pioneers lived 200 years ago. If you are planning a visit to the Crouse Loyalist Cemetery consider bringing a copy of The Loyalist Loop Tour Guide with you.

Right-click on the pdf link and save the document (you will probably see something like "Save Target As" or "Save Link As") to your computer. It is a large 17 page pdf file so it might take a few minutes to download.

The Loyalist Loop Tour Guide.pdf



The History of Zealand, New Brunswick

The History of Crouseville, Maine

Crouseville Pioneer Cemetery

Crouse Family History Website

Early Descendants of Loyalists Philip & Sarah Crouse, Searchable Family Group Sheets


Rogue Publishing,  Division of Morgan Consultants, Inc.